Goyder's Baseline Memorial - SA

  Historic Site


DEG: -30.02392 138.064102
DMS: 30º 01' 26.11" S 138º 03' 50.77" E
UTM: 54 J 6674932mN 216845mE
Altitude: 158m


Address & Contact

Mulgaria Rd
Witchelina SA 5731
Phone: N/A
Email: N/A
Web: N/A


Goyder`s Line was a line drawn by Surveyor-General Goyder defining the boundary between areas of reasonable and minimal and marginal rainfall. When pastoralists complained during the severe drought of 1863 -1866, Goyder went north to reassess their properties. The first eighteen valuations carried out by Goyder were published in the Adelaide Express in September 1864.

His line of travel, which amounted to nearly 5,000 kilometres on horseback, marked off the line of drought and became known as Goyder`s Line of Rainfall. He drew a line indicating the limit of the rainfall which coincided with the southern boundary of saltbush country. It separated lands suitable for agriculture from those fit for pastoral use only. It also marked areas of reliable and unreliable annual rainfall. Not all agreed with his Line and some even called it Goyder`s line of foolery.
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Closest Weather Station

Marree Airport at 24/04:00pm CDT
Distance from Goyder's Baseline Memorial 40.59km N
TemperatureFeels LikeRel. HumidityDew PointPressureRainfallWind DirectionWind SpeedGusts

Closest Climatic Station

Marree Aero
Distance from Goyder's Baseline Memorial 40.59km N
Mean Max. °C39.136.933.428.923.219.319.121.826.629.633.335.5
Mean Min. °C23.022.318.614.
Mean Rain mm13.831.

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